Presence of Gum Disease Predicts High Mortality from Cirrhosis
Cirrhosis is the major cause of liver transplantation. The condition also accounts for approximately 1 to 2 percent of all deaths in Europe.
Periodontitis is the inflammation of the gums and other supporting tissues of the teeth. The inflammation is often caused by bacteria and will lead to the deepening of the periodontal sockets due to the loss of connective tissue.
The prevalence of periodontitis is estimated to be 35 percent in the adult population, with 10 to 15 percent having severe disease. Untreated gum disease will most likely lead to tooth loss.
Previous studies have indicated that periodontitis may be linked to worsening of many diseases such as chronic kidney disease and diabetes. Periodontitis and overall poor oral health are closely linked to cirrhosis. Studies have shown that periodontitis contributes to worsening of liver disease and negatively affects health after liver transplantation.
The study which involved 184 patients reveals that periodontitis acts as a persistent source of oral bacteria that leads to inflammation and other cirrhosis complications.
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